Sometimes the disease is hidden and discovered by chance during an x-ray study on other issues or the first kidney stones symptoms appear when the stone is large, but the patient notes only aching vague pain in the lumbar area.
In most cases with a small stone the disease is manifested with renal colic attacks, and with the dull pains, changes in urine, release of stones and sand between the attacks. Dull pain in the lumbar area increases with prolonged walking, during the shaky ride, after lifting weights, but more often without a specific reason. If the urinary tract along with stones has an infection, there may be a temperature rise and chills.
If the stone completely blocked lumen urethra, the kidney accumulates urine, which causes attacks of renal colic. It occurs as spasmodic pains in the loin, rapidly extending to the appropriate half of the abdomen. The pain can last for several hours or even days, remitting and resuming periodically. After the stone discharges, you may observe the blood in the urine.
One of the complications of nephrolithiasis is a chronic pyelonephritis. In addition, it may cause a purulent kidney fusion – in this case it’s necessary to resort to a surgical intervention. Moreover, stones in bladder can trigger the development of cystitis.
Different barriers for urine excretion can lead to the formation of stones. Kidney stones can also occur due to infection in the urinary tract. Kidney stones are formed more often in white men of 40 to 70 years old. If a person has more than one stone in kidneys, likelihood of further stone formation is high. Genetics also plays an important role in the formation of kidney stones.
Kidney stones are formed in various diseases, including:
• Gout causes the increase of uric acid in urine and leads to the formation of stones.
• A high percentage of calcium in urine in more than 50% of cases leads to the formation of stones. If a person takes too much calcium from food, the calcium excess is excreted with the urine, oxalate or phosphate stones may occur.
• Other diseases associated with increased risk of kidney stones – kidney diseases, for example, renal tubular acidosis, and certain inherited metabolic disorders. Chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension) are also associated with increased risk of kidney stones.
• People with irritated bowel syndrome or those who have had some surgeries, the probability of kidney stones formation is higher.
• Certain medications also increase the risk of kidney stones. They include: diuretic medications containing calcium, neutralizing acid environment, and protease inhibitors.
A doctor may suspect the appearance of kidney stones on the basis of typical kidney stones symptoms, when other possible causes of abdomen or side pains are excluded.
Typically, there is an examination to confirm the diagnosis: X-raying to detect stones or urinary tract barrier and the ultrasonic diagnostics. Pregnant women or patients with X-ray contraindication are to be examined with an ultrasound.
Most kidney stones will eventually pass through the urinary path within 48 hours, subject to the use of fluids in sufficient quantities. There are several factors that affect the body’s ability to remove stones from kidneys.
These include human growth and weight, the way the stones discharged earlier, the prostate increase, pregnancy and the size of the stone. The stone size of 4 mm will leave your body independently with a probability of 80%, and stone with the size of 5 mm – 20%. Stones of more than 9-10 mm rarely go out, and usually require treatment.
There are some methods of treatment that can clear a larger size stones. These medications are prescribed to people with stones passing slowly through the urinary track.
If the stones from the kidneys do not discharge themselves, there is a procedure called lithotripsy. Large stones are broken into smaller parts, which can pass through the urinary system.
The removal of kidney stones by surgery is also possible. This can be done through a small incision in the skin or through urethroscope, which passes through the urethra and bladder.
Rather than treat kidney stones, it is better to prevent their formation. The best way to do this is to drink more fluids. The water helps to wash away substances that form kidney stones.
Depending on the reasons of kidney stone formation and medical history, it’s possible to reduce the probability of stone formation, changing diet or with special drugs. This is especially effective after a study of stone in a special lab, which allows to determine its composition and to choose methods of prevention.
With the help of this simple but very effective way my friend got rid of 12 cm kidney stone – it is difficult to imagine such a huge stone. But now he is absolutely healthy!
When the stone was found, the doctors refused to surge or crush it. The man returned home and started trying all of the traditional remedies. So this method was the best for him.
Recipe: Take green runner beans – 1 kg, wash, cut, and put in a pot, pour 4 cups of water and boil 10-15 minutes (without salt). Cool the broth and drink it 3 times a day (minimum) for half a cup 15 minutes before meals. You must prepare and drink it again and again, until the stones disappear. It is possible to drink the broth more than three times a day, but not less. This method does not clear stones out, but dissolves them, so the treatment goes smoothly.
There is another recipe, which was also tested. Mix:
200 ml honey
200 ml vodka
200 ml lemon juice
200 ml olive oil
200 ml of juice of parsley
200 ml oatmeal broth (boiled with 2 cups of water).
Leave the mixture for a week, stirring it every day. A week later, begin to drink half a glass on an empty stomach. After drinking, lie on the back for 30 minutes. Continue until you have no mixture. After 2-3 weeks, you can repeat the course. This mixture can clear and dissolve stones.