Kidney Stones Symptoms
Sometimes the disease is hidden and discovered by chance during an x-ray study on other issues or the first kidney stones symptoms appear when the stone is large, but the patient notes only aching vague pain in the lumbar area.
In most cases with a small stone the disease is manifested with renal colic attacks, and with the dull pains, changes in urine, release of stones and sand between the attacks. Dull pain in the lumbar area increases with prolonged walking, during the shaky ride, after lifting weights, but more often without a specific reason. If the urinary tract along with stones has an infection, there may be a temperature rise and chills.
What is a kidney stone?
Kidney stones are a solid transparent mineral material, produced in kidneys or the urinary tract.
Kidney stones are a common reason of blood in the urine and frequent pangs in the abdomen, side or groin. Kidney stones occur in one of 20 people at any stage of their lives.
What are the kidney stones symptoms?
Below is a list of the main symptoms of kidney stones:
•low-back pain extending to the genitals;
•admixture of blood in the urine;
• frequent urge for urination;
• stones discharges.
If the stone completely blocked lumen urethra, the kidney accumulates urine, which causes attacks of renal colic. It occurs as spasmodic pains in the loin, rapidly extending to the appropriate half of the abdomen. The pain can last for several hours or even days, remitting and resuming periodically. After the stone discharges, you may observe the blood in the urine.
One of the complications of nephrolithiasis is a chronic pyelonephritis. In addition, it may cause a purulent kidney fusion – in this case it’s necessary to resort to a surgical intervention. Moreover, stones in bladder can trigger the development of cystitis.
How are the kidney stones diagnosed?
A doctor may suspect the appearance of kidney stones on the basis of typical kidney stones symptoms, when other possible causes of abdomen or side pains are excluded.
Typically, there is an examination to confirm the diagnosis: X-raying to detect stones or urinary tract barrier and the ultrasonic diagnostics. Pregnant women or patients with X-ray contraindication are to be examined with an ultrasound.
How to prevent the formation of kidney stones?
Rather than treat kidney stones, it is better to prevent their formation. The best way to do this is to drink more fluids. The water helps to wash away substances that form kidney stones.
Depending on the reasons of kidney stone formation and medical history, it’s possible to reduce the probability of stone formation, changing diet or with special drugs. This is especially effective after a study of stone in a special lab, which allows to determine its composition and to choose methods of kidney stones prevention.
How are the kidney stones treated?
Most kidney stones will eventually pass through the urinary path within 48 hours, subject to the use of fluids in sufficient quantities. There are several factors that affect the body’s ability to remove stones from kidneys.
These include human growth and weight, the way the stones discharged earlier, the prostate increase, pregnancy and the size of the stone. The stone size of 4 mm will leave your body independently with a probability of 80%, and stone with the size of 5 mm – 20%. Stones of more than 9-10 mm rarely go out, and usually require treatment.
There are some methods of treatment that can clear a larger size stones. These medications are prescribed to people with stones passing slowly through the urinary track.
If the stones from the kidneys do not discharge themselves, there is a procedure called lithotripsy. Large stones are broken into smaller parts, which can pass through the urinary system.
The removal of kidney stones by surgery is also possible. This can be done through a small incision in the skin or through urethroscope, which passes through the urethra and bladder. Read more about kidney stones symptoms here.